Farm Equipment

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Farm Equipment

Farmers use many types of agricultural equipment to improve soil conditions, implement irrigation, and aid in planting and harvesting to enhance quality crop output. Throughout the history of farming, specific farming tools remain basic to crop growing and harvesting needs, representing the core of agricultural equipment still used today.

Spurred by federal tax breaks and rising incomes, farmers have pushed sales volumes in the $20 billion annual U.S. farm-equipment market to their highest levels in three decades. That boom has enriched equipment makers like Deere & Co., which on Wednesday reported a 26% increase in fiscal profits, earning $996.5 million, or $2.56 a share, with its profit from farm machinery rising 32%.

The bountiful times for equipment sales may be nearing an end, though, as prices fall for corn, soybeans and wheat, crimping farm income. Perhaps more important, the tax breaks are scheduled to shrink next year.

Agricultural loans help farmers run their farms more efficiently. It can be difficult to keep up with all of the costs associated with running a farm, so farmers need low interest agricultural loans to help them stay afloat.

Fortunately, the government often steps in with low interest loans and other subsidies that help farmers turn a profit.

Farmers can use agricultural loans to:

  • Purchase farm land. Whether you are just starting out as a farmer or wish to expand your current farm business, agricultural land loans help you purchase the land you need to build a great farm.
  • Cover operating expenses. Besides needing farm land financing, many farmers also need help covering some of the operating costs. Farm equipment is expensive, but it's necessary to run the farm. With better equipment, you can cover more land quickly.
  • Help with the marketing of their product. If they want to make a profit, then farmers need to sell the product they create. This means that they need an effective marketing plan and money to pay for marketing costs in addition to farm land loans.

Applying for an agricultural land loan from a major bank

When farmers need financing, most turn to their local banks first. It's often easier to get a loan from the bank that you typically do business with. If your credit is good, you should be able to get an affordable interest rate on your loan.

Apply for direct and guaranteed loans for farm land from the government

If you do not qualify for a traditional loan, you don't have to sell the family farm. There are government agencies that aim to help farmers get the cash they need to be a profitable business.

Farm Service Agency offers loans to farmers to help cover costs. For example, direct ownership loans help farmers to purchase the land and livestock that they need to get started, while a direct operating loan will help to cover equipment and other farm operating costs. The National Council of State Agricultural Finance Programs lists the agricultural loan programs for each state.

Students with an aptitude for mechanics who are interested in farm equipment repair may seek a technical diploma or associate's degree in diesel technology. A technical diploma program may prepare students to function at the entry level by teaching the fundamentals of welding, automotive electricity and hydraulics repair.

A related associate's degree program will have general education coursework along with core program subjects that may include fuel systems repair, power train mechanics and truck electrical systems. Both program types require high school diplomas for admission and allow opportunities for hands-on learning.

Technical Diploma Programs in Diesel Technology

Farm equipment mechanics are an important part of the agricultural industry and in high demand during the growing season. Students who are considering an entry-level career in farm equipment repair may pursue a technical diploma in diesel technology. Most programs last two years and provide hands-on experience in construction, truck and agricultural equipment repair.

Graduates are prepared for jobs as diesel service technicians or mechanics. In general, most schools prefer to admit applicants who have earned a high school diploma or who have passed the General Educational Development (GED) examination prior to enrollment.

Students learn how to analyze trucks, farm and construction equipment for malfunctions, repair techniques and an overview of diesel technology. Courses may cover the following topics:

  • Diesel engine repair
  • Welding
  • Hydraulics repair
  • Automotive electricity
  • Suspension systems repair
  • Preventative maintenance

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General farming and gardening tools (manual, non-motorized tools)

  • Bagging hook
  • Billhook
  • Captive bolt pistol
  • Carruca
  • Cattle prod
  • Gandasa
  • Goad
  • Kajandu
  • Laia (tool)
  • Loy (spade)
  • Pig scalder
  • Plough
  • Shovel
  • Spade
  • Scotch plough
  • Scythe
  • Selective inverted sink
  • Sickle
  • Tacarpo
  • Walle Plough
  • Weasand clip
  • Pruning shears
  • Rake (tool)
  • Pitchfork
  • Trowel
  • Wheelbarrow

General farming and gardening tools (manual, motorized tools)

  • Ard (plough)
  • Blow torch
  • Broadfork
  • Brush hook
  • Chainsaw
  • Coa de jima
  • Cradle (grain)
  • Cultivator
  • Dibber
  • Edger
  • Elec-Trak
  • Flail
  • Foot plough
  • Garden fork
  • Garden hose
  • Garden tool
  • Garden Weasel
  • Grafter
  • Grass shears
  • Hedge trimmer
  • Hoe (tool)
  • Hori hori
  • Kaiser blade
  • Kirpi
  • Kunai
  • Lawn aerator
  • Lawn mower
  • Lawn sweeper
  • Leaf blower
  • Loppers
  • Mammoty
  • Mattock
  • Post hole digger
  • Potting bench
  • Rhubarb forcer
  • Riddle (tool)
  • Sally Saw
  • Sokha
  • String trimmer
  • Sussex trug
  • Tap (valve)
  • Watering can
  • Weeder
  • Woodchipper

General farming machinery (motorized machinery)

  • Tractor
  • Tracked tractor
  • Caterpillar tractor
  • Cultivator
  • Cultipacker
  • Chisel plow
  • Mulch tiller
  • Harrow
  • Spike harrow
  • Drag harrow
  • Disk harrow
  • Plow (or plough)
  • Power tiller / Rotary tiller / Rototiller
  • Spading machine
  • Subsoiler
  • Two-wheel tractor
  • Stone picker ( picker)
  • Rock windrower (rock rake)
  • Rotavator
  • Destoner
  • Bedtiller
  • Ridger
  • Roller
  • Broadcast seeder
  • Planter (farm implement)
  • Plastic mulch layer
  • Potato planter
  • Seed drill
  • Air seeder
  • Precision drill
  • Transplanter
  • Rice transplanter
  • Fertilizer spreader
  • Terragator
  • Liquid manure/slurry spreader (slurry tanker)
  • Manure spreader
  • Sprayer
  • Slurry agitator
  • Center pivot irrigation
  • Drip irrigation
  • Hydroponics
  • Weight sorter
  • Color sorter
  • Blemish sorter
  • Diameter sorter
  • Shape sorter
  • Density Sorter
  • Internal/taste sorter
  • Baler
  • Beet harvester
  • Beet cleaner loader
  • Bean harvester
  • Cane harvester
  • Cart
  • Carrot harvester
  • Chaser bin
  • Combine harvester
  • Conveyor belt
  • Corn harvester
  • Cotton picker
  • Cradle (grain)
  • Fanning mill
  • Farm truck
  • Flail
  • Forage harvester (or silage harvester)
  • Gleaner
  • Grain cleaner
  • Grain dryer
  • Gravity wagon
  • Haulm topper
  • Haulout transporter
  • Mower
  • Over-the-row mechanical harvester for harvesting apples
  • Potato spinner/digger
  • Potato harvester
  • Rake
  • Reaper
  • Reaper-binder
  • Rice huller
  • Scythe
  • Sickle
  • Silage trailer
  • Sugarcane harvester
  • Swather
  • Thresher
  • Tractor
  • Wagon
  • Winnower
  • Bale mover
  • Bale wrapper
  • Baler and Big Baler
  • Conditioner
  • Hay rake
  • Hay tedder
  • Mower
  • Loader wagon, self-loading wagon
  • Bale lifter
  • Topper
  • Backhoe/backhoe loader
  • Front end loader
  • Skid-steer loader.
  • Bulk tank
  • Milking machine
  • Milking pipeline
  • Allen Scythe
  • Grain auger
  • Feed grinder
  • Grain cart
  • Conveyor analyzer
  • Chillcuring
  • Shear Grab
  • Trailer
  • Power link box
  • Transport box
  • Bale trailer
  • Bale spike
  • Livestock trailer
  • Tractor mounted forklift
  • Buckrake
  • Bale splitter
  • Diet feeder
  • Hedge cutter
  • Post driver
  • Yard scraper
  • Stationary steam engine
  • Portable engine
  • Traction engine
  • Agricultural engine
  • Ploughing engine
  • Steam tractor
  • Reaper-binder
  • Flail
  • Hog oiler
  • Reaper
  • Winnowing machine/Winnowing-fan
  • Threshing machine
  • Drag harrow

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